Artificial General Intelligence and its scopes
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is far more advanced and improved over Artificial Narrow Intelligence. It is applicable to general-purpose only. It can smartly and efficiently be applied to do variety of tasks; simultaneously learn and improve itself. As compared to the human brain or human intellect, AGI is similar and can function productively without any errors. Things that Artificial Narrow Intelligence could not do, Artificial General Intelligence can learn and improve to efficiently perform various tasks.
To link to the context that what AGI empowered application can do is that the intelligence of AlphaGo can be applied in various other areas apart from its main function to be able to play Go. Research is being carried out to explore the possibilities of Artificial General Intelligence.
Programmed to perform any task that a human is capable of, Artificial General Intelligence can imitate the cognitive abilities of humankind. AGI can find out a solution if faced with some task, which is hard to comprehend. The applications with Artificial General Intelligence software in-built are empowered to work effortlessly up on a single command.
Artificial General Intelligence combines a system with comprehensive knowledge and cognitive computing capabilities. As a case it is often referred as a strong AI. Its performance is similar to the action that a human mind would comprehend. But of course, the intellectual capacities of Artificial General Intelligence are broader and more comprehensive than human capabilities. Artificial General Intelligence has an incredible ability to access and process huge amount of data at an unimaginable speed.
In contrast to weak AI, strong AI can do any specific task or find solutions to any problem. The application powered by AI gains an advantageous ground in this area. Stephen Hawking was right in recognizing the scope of AI. He says, “It [strong AI] would take off on its own, and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate. Humans, who are limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete, and would be superseded.”
Artificial general intelligence is an algorithm or comprises of a set of algorithms that can perform all tasks like or better than humans. The pace of AI development is decent, as what was just a mere idea, became and reality and what was a mere reality has provided many opportunities. Literally the strong AI and weak AI does not exist, it is deduced with its level of performance. A strong AI is the one that we imagine performing better than us. Similarly, it is termed as general because all general problems are included under the purview of Artificial Intelligence.
Weak AI is an algorithm that is programmed to do only one thing without any errors. It is good at solving only a few or very specific problems. However, researchers and scientists are testing many AIs’ separately trying to understand which task they are best at their performance. There is quite a bit of apprehension among the expert research teams if AGI is truly possible or even desirable. But, the growth of AI empowered application can never be ignored.
The skills required to develop AI
There is no dearth of jobs for qualified people in the market. Especially, if you have the knowledge and desire to make a significant difference in the market. Technologies like Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have already established the foothold in the market. Both of these technologies have the power to reform the way businesses operate. The communication and human interaction to accomplish complex tasks are also evolved.
As the business application of AI and MI is constantly increasing, the requirement of qualified people to handle the workload is also increasing. Everybody is willing to take their career to the next level with these innovations. It is true that there are ample opportunities for qualified people, but simultaneously you should also have the extra-ordinary capabilities to take the challenges as programmers to make a smooth and natural transition whenever and where required. Now, to sail across smoothly, you must look at the following:
- Powerful mathematical and algorithms knowledge
If you’re an expert in a broad set of algorithms and applied math, kudos, you’re an ideal candidate. A candidate should be well-versed with superb problem solving and analytical skills. If you have a principle understanding of the statistics, probabilities, and math; and can efficiently to grasp the problem, while performing efficiently in the given tasks, you’re in the right profession. The basic knowledge and foundation will allow the professionals to identify the correct algorithms to solve a problem and figure out ways to optimize the results.
- Knowledge of probability and statistics
Detailed knowledge of probability and statistics will help you to understand different AI models. The knowledge of theories will also help you in learning complex algorithms. If you wish to be efficient in all AI models, you must have adequate knowledge of statistics and ways to seamlessly carry out programming. The handling of statistical data and methods using a model evaluation metric is a work of professionals who have the expertise and knowledge to do that, and you could be one among them.
- Basic knowledge and expertise in programming languages
It is necessary to learn programming languages such as Python, C++, R, Java, etc. to gain proficiency in handling AI and ML modules. Python makes it easier for them to create complex algorithms, while C++ speeds up the entire coding process. If you need to be an expert in stats and plots, you should be an expert in R is needed to be efficient in stats and plots. The aspiring AI professionals also need to be well-versed in Java to implement mappers and reducers. Explore the different open source libraries, to be expert in these languages.
- Efficient to distribute the computing data equally
As the programmers in AI jobs need to handle large and multiple data they must learn how to equally and efficiently distribute the computing data to avoid confusion and clutter. As you work on a single machine and all the data needs to be handled carefully, you must know and take care of these data. These would only sharpen your knowledge and skills.
- Adequate command over Unix tools
As most of the processing in artificial intelligence happens on Linux-based machines, the programmers should be well-versed with the functions of Unix tools like awk, grep, cat, sort, find, cut, tr, etc. They should have a thorough knowledge of the ways to utilize them.
- Be curious and enhance your creativity
In order to discover ways to approach specific problems, your mind should always figure out the ways to do things creatively. You should be curious enough to find out the solutions and at least keep looking for solutions. In order to do so always be open to abstract information. As abstract information can efficiently help you to find out a solution. Be clear with the possibilities to process it well.
- Need to stay updated and grab the new concepts
As aspiring AI professionals, you must have a passion to learn and explore new concepts and always have a desire to stay updated. Put efforts your skills every time you get a chance. Never leave an opportunity to upgrade your knowledge and skills and be familiar with the advanced development tools, theories, algorithms, etc. You can also actively participate in various online forums, blogs, and communities to be in touch with new options and ideas. Online AI tutorials, conferences, video courses, etc. can be extremely helpful to enhance your expertise. Consulting online papers like Google Big Table, Google Map Reduce, The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Data, and Google File System can be extremely helpful for the programmers who wish to sharpen their AI knowledge.
- Willingness to succeed
As AI and ML are still new technologies, the professional should be patient and have strong perseverance. Nothing works better than a willingness to succeed and success never comes in a day. If it is hard to discover new tools and methods for making the community much more efficient, one must strongly pursue to achieve it. Be patient enough to cope up with several months and countless iterations to achieve accurate results. You need to open to new opportunities and feel confident to make a new move towards the AI development domain. Be ready to explore the highly dynamic and promising field.
Artificial intelligence reshaping the medical sector for a healthier future
Medical sector is growing at a great speed with the solution of various diseases which were unknown till now. The development is maximum based on digital technology and is giving rise to huge amount of digital data and automated services too. Artificial intelligence was earlier discovered for several well-known digital platforms for simplifying their process and serve more effectively to their users without any manual assistance, such as recognizing images on social media platform and giving automated suggestions on search engine result page. Sooner this advancement made small steps towards medical industry and artificial intelligence within no time was deployed in the medical sector for various processes and the major part of medical stream which is sorted and made swift with the help of AI is disease diagnosis and treatment recommendations.
Use of artificial intelligence in medical industry:
On time diagnosis of a disease can give effective solutions for the disease and can be really helpful to avoid the life risk included with the disease. Artificial intelligence has given a prompt solution for this by automating the image analysis and diagnosis. This technology eradicates the probability of error to the least and gives most appropriate results in least possible time. With the present developments our doctors are enabled to give immediate reports of tumor detection, MRIs. And CTs. Future studies have been depicted that we will have effective cancer preventions too.
Artificial intelligence has a potential to determine new solutions using old available data and studies. There are a number of studies conducted for the drug and treatment development for various diseases but none has got all the studies together to find the best possible solution by counting all together. This miracle is possible with the use of artificial intelligence that brings all the available data together and brings out the best possible results out of it, such as a possible drug, equipment, and a type of treatment.
Miracles of Artificial Intelligence in the Robotics Industry
Artificial intelligence and robotics are two distinct sectors but in the advancement of robotics there is a great role of AI. Well, Artificial Intelligence has worked at a great level for various sectors and has brought amazing transformations too. And when we talk about robotics, artificial intelligences act as the backbone for it. Now question might be how artificial intelligence can empower robotics? The answer you will get if you think which type of robot do you require? The one to which you need to feed command for every single ask, or the one which can grow itself, learn, and take decision required for the abased on the provided criteria. Thus, the impact of artificial intelligence on robotics is massive which is nowhere going to be slow down the pace of development. The major application of AI in robotics is to enhance the automation capabilities of various industries.
Few robotic capabilities that have been developed with the help of AI are listed below:
Sense and response:
Automation is being used in various business industries since several years but the traditional robots were bond to pick an object from a specified location and the further process to be followed as the predetermined data feed in the system. The robot was supposed to follow the same procedure till the object it is working for is known for the system. With the help of artificial intelligence, robots are now developed with the sensors and have a capability to identify objects and locations. It just needs details of the inputs to be processed and end result required by the machinery, the robot will set the process at its own by sensing the work environment without following any rigid procedure.
Mobility of a robot is no more a wonder for anyone as it is in practice since so many decades. With the help of artificial intelligence this mobility of robots has attained precession as never before. Even in complex and unpredicted work environment also these robots are now capable of giving the best and most precise outputs. AI has enhanced the existing robots to provide real time updates while travelling to the predetermined destination and also these bots are update to sense obstacles in advance and reroute by using its intelligence and reach the destination.